Biotechnology

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Related to Human Genome Project: gene therapy, DNA fingerprinting

Biotechnology

The use of living things, such as one-cell organisms, in technological innovations. Biotechnology has particular applications in medicine, agriculture, engineering, and similar fields. Biotech organizations may make and market their own products, or they may be departments within another company, such as a pharmaceutical corporation.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first five years of the Human Genome Project, from 1990 to 1995, were primarily focused on building genetic and physical maps of the human genome, working on simpler model organisms, and developing the technology necessary to tackle the sequencing of a very large genome.
Through our efforts with the Human Genome Project and The SNP Consortium, we have made significant strides in the genomics arena over the past several months," said Lauren Linton, Associate Director of the Whitehead Institute/Center for Genome Research.
The entire 15-year Human Genome Project programme, up to 2005, is costing an estimated pounds 1.
The completion of the Human Genome Project created what Dutta considers an obvious opportunity to embark on such a replication study.
While the Human Genome Project aims at providing a map which sequences all DNA contained within 46 human chromosomes, and may provide the potential to correct abnormal DNA sequences which would remedy disease, of grave concern is the question of who would have access to a person's DNA profile and potential misuse of the profile.
Though the Human Genome Project may seem light years from its goal, researchers around the globe have already reaped its benefits.
Scientists have found funding to follow the human genome project with similar efforts for the mouse, the most commonly studied laboratory animal, and the rat, the favored animal for drug studies.
Also, the third graph, first sentence should read, "With the dramatic progress in the Human Genome Project and functional genomics science in full swing, the genetic components of many diseases both inherited and acquired, will likely be discovered," rather than, "With completion of the Human Genome Project within sight, and functional genomics science in full swing, the genetic components of many diseases both inherited and acquired, will likely be discovered," as originally issued.
1990 The international Human Genome Project begins.
Ryder and other geneticists have started a program similar to the Human Genome Project, which seeks to catalog all human genes.
TGen is a non-profit biomedical research organization, formed by team members of the Human Genome Project, which came together to apply from the human genome project to personalized medicine.
The enormous amount of genetic data from the Human Genome Project (HGP) has benefited researchers studying gene-environment interactions, but also presents challenges in experimental design, data management, and the ethical, legal, and social implications of gene-environment research.

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