hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Office hierachy, headed by the only person in the entire building who knows how to clear a paperjam in the photocopier.
There is a procedural hierachy that collectively doesn't know what to do about it and worries more about the damage that a complainant can do than the complaint itself.
The United boss will hold talks with the club's hierachy this week over his future, and the Magpies today insisted he is still the manager.
And the 35-year-old St Helens ref impressed the Australian game's hierachy with his performances in the Tri-Nations series.
Dutchman Van Commenee, currently head coach, wants Jones's job but his outspoken manner has upset some in the UK Athletics hierachy.
Whilst there will always be a hierachy of owners and trainers, we must not lose sight of the unique nature of our sport, a sport which has the ability to bring together a cohort of people from all walks of life and backgrounds into an environment which is unique throughout the sporting world.
And having talked Savage up to the Birmingham hierachy, Bowen is now hoping Savage will repay his faith by helping the midlands club make the transition to life in the Premiership as smoothly as possible.
One of the troopers told the BBC: "I felt betrayed by the regimental hierachy.
And his retirement today means the Magpies' hierachy are clear to starting talking to the Geordie.
There has been a growing belief among the Highbury hierachy that Cole can be persuaded to stay despite the fall-out from his tapping-up case.
Head coach Charles Van Commenee wants the job but his outspoken manner - he called heptathlon bronze medallist Kelly Sotherton "a wimp" - has upset some in the UK Athletics hierachy.
It would represent a tremendous humiliation to Ireland's football hierachy if they are seen to go begging to Keane to come back, seeing as he called them "a bunch of amateurs" when he originally quit.