Hamas(redirected from Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya)
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A political party and paramilitary organization in Palestine. Established in 1987, it originated in the older Muslim Brotherhood but combined Islamism with Palestinian nationalism. It was responsible for numerous suicide bombings in the 1990s and early 2000s, but ended this policy in 2005. In 2006, it won parliamentary elections in Palestine and the following year expelled rival Fatah from Gaza. Hamas (or at least its paramilitary wing) is regarded as a terrorist organization by much of the world.