Hamas


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Related to Hamas: Fatah, Hezbollah

Hamas

A political party and paramilitary organization in Palestine. Established in 1987, it originated in the older Muslim Brotherhood but combined Islamism with Palestinian nationalism. It was responsible for numerous suicide bombings in the 1990s and early 2000s, but ended this policy in 2005. In 2006, it won parliamentary elections in Palestine and the following year expelled rival Fatah from Gaza. Hamas (or at least its paramilitary wing) is regarded as a terrorist organization by much of the world.
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Thus, in the classic logic of guerilla warfare, Hamas won the war simply by surviving and showing it could inflict damage on Israel, even while absorbing significantly more damage inside Gaza.
That Hamas has not achieved a higher death toll is not for lack of trying.
These rockets would not have been delivered to Gaza at such cost and risk unless it was understood that Hamas would launch them against Israel.
Tensions between Fatahand Hamas havealsointensifiedin recent months with the two rivals regularly hurling accusations at one another.
He did not say that Hamas was now supporting Assad, but rather that Hamas was neutral about the Syrian civil war.
Palestinian observers had expected that an end of Iranian financial aid to Hamas would facilitate a healing of the internal rift between the two rivals, Fatah and Hamas.
All of this helps to explain the perplexed and bizarre reactions to the Hamas visit in Sofia and the failure to swiftly block access of Hamas into Bulgaria.
Shaath said Hamas officials told him they intended to sign the reconciliation document proposed by Cairo, which only Fatah has signed to date.
Sultan added: "While Egypt's border with Gaza granted Cairo effective leverage against the Islamist group, Hamas was also given an opportunity to press Egypt in exchange.
In order for Hamas to become politically manageable, from the US point of view, it would have to depart from these commitments, and become as politically flexible, predictable and controllable as Fatah and Abbas.
Hamas leaders have asked Meshaal to change his decision to leave the post, the statement said.
The Hamas statements suggested that a solution was being finessed to get around the disagreement over keeping Salam Fayyad, prime minister of the West Bank government, who is popular with Western donors but strongly opposed by Hamas.