professionalism and disidentification with guanxi
that is rampant in the Chinese society.
DMi considered capability and guanxi
more important than other DMs; DM2 viewed general company considerations, such as cost, logistics equipment, to be more important; and DM4 had a preference for environmental issues.
Personal networking in Russia and China: Blat and guanxi
Relationship marketing in China: Guanxi
, favouritism and adaptation.
However, these regulatory measures generally result in high costs and minimal effectiveness because they are subject to administrative discretion and guanxi
Foreign-invested construction enterprises in general suffered from limited channels for market information, lack of knowledge on regulations and guanxi
in the industry (Shen et al.
He has a headstart with guanxi
- the complex set of connections and understandings in Chinese business - by virtue of his nationality.
The significance of family and group ties, the concepts of guanxi
, 'face' and harmony, Confucian ethics and philosophy deeply characterise the Chinese socio cultural framework and influence individuals' and group behaviour as well as interpersonal and business relationships.
Ideonic has produced games ranging from Guanxi
, which teaches Chinese language and communication, to Young Finance Manager for Scarborough Building Society, which instructs youngsters about financial management.
What she gets, she earns -- she is not taking advantage of her guanxi
(connections), as is often the case in China.
are reciprocal obligations and are about long-term personal relationships, about social interaction within a group where repeated favor exchanges ensure a measure of trust.
The mutual exchange, obligations, indebtedness, and favors provided via guanxi
networks are more prominent than in Western societies.