Gradient


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Related to Gradient: concentration gradient, divergence

Gradient

The slope,or change in elevation,of land or improvements such as a pipe or a road.It is expressed as the ratio of inches (or feet) of rise or fall over a specified distance. It is similar to the concept of pitch in roofing.Figure A (above) has a gradient of 1:12 because the grade increases by 1 foot over a distance of 12 feet. Figure B has a gradient of 1:6.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tremendous progress has been made in the field of surface-bound soft material gradients in recent years, with intriguing new areas of investigation opening up and advances in bioanalytics changing the way high-throughput screening methods are used in the design and discovery of catalysts and new materials.
The wheel system generates a very smooth velocity that can be aligned very well with vertical, reducing undesired coupling of the watt measurements to horizontal magnetic flux gradients.
Based in Arden Hills, Minnesota, Gradient Investments, LLC is part of Gradient Financial Group, LLC, whose member organizations serve independent financial services professionals.
ABOUT GRADIENT GIVES BACK FOUNDATION: Gradient Gives Back Foundation is a Minnesota non-profit organization that strives to help poor, distressed, or underprivileged American families.
We are in development of our first commercial product, a portable instrument capable of detecting HIV in under 10 minutes," said Robert Juncosa, CEO of Thermal Gradient.
The commission and Gradient researchers took issue with those characterizations, calling their findings honest, important scientific contributions that dare to challenge the establishment view.
The topics include the classification of key attributes of soft material gradients, orientational anchoring of liquid crystals on surfaces presenting continuous gradients in composition, making gradient patterns by electron-beam chemical lithography with monomolecular resists, effects of rough substrates and thermal fields on the directed assembly of block copolymer films, and morphological gradients on different sized scales and their application in biological studies.
A fluid flow is subjected to adverse pressure gradient (APG) whenever it experiences a deceleration in the streamwise direction whereas a fluid flow is subjected to favorable pressure gradient (FPG) whenever it experiences an acceleration in the streamwise direction.
The basic idea was based on the topological gradient approach used for crack detection (Amstutz et al.
Gradient, based in Wolverhampton, is a specialist provider of insulation for tapered roofing.
2] tension gradient may reflect the adequacy of peripheral tissue perfusion relative to the metabolic demands, and as such, they may be useful to guide haemodynamic resuscitation in circulatory failure (5,9).