Third World

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Third World

A term for developing countries. Originally used for countries that did not side explicitly with either the United States (the First World) or the Soviet Union (the Second World) during the Cold War, it has become a byword for countries with less wealth relative to others. The term is sometimes considered politically incorrect.

developing country

or

less developed country

or

underdeveloped country

or

emerging country

or

Third World

country a country characterized by low levels of GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT and INCOME PER HEAD. See Fig. 51 . Such countries are typically dominated by a large PRIMARY SECTOR thatproduces a limited range of agricultural and mineral products and in which the majority of the POPULATION exists at or near subsistence levels, producing barely enough for their immediate needs, thus being unable to release the resources required to support a large urbanized industrial population. The term ‘developing’ indicates that, as seen by most such countries, the way to improve their economic fortunes is to diversify the industrial base of the economy by, in particular, establishing new manufacturing industries and by adopting the PRICE SYSTEM. To facilitate an increase in urban population necessary for INDUSTRIALIZATION, a nation may either IMPORT the necessary commodities from abroad with the FOREIGN EXCHANGE earned from the EXPORT of the (predominantly) primary goods, or it can attempt to improve its own agriculture. With appropriate ECONOMIC AID from industrialized countries and the ability and willingness on the part of a developing country, the transition into a NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY could be made.

Certain problems do exist, however. For instance, increases in real income that are achieved need to be maintained, which means keeping population numbers in check. Illiteracy and social customs for large families tend to work against governmental efforts to increase the STANDARD OF LIVING of its citizens. Also, most of the foreign exchange earned by such countries is by exporting, mainly commodities (see INTERNATIONAL TRADE). See ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRY, DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION TRAP, INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS, UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT, INTERNATIONAL DEBT.

References in periodicals archive ?
A: Yes, they do; by resisting the incursions of capital, the efforts of the imperialist state in the north, the US and Canada, and the European community, and blandishments of the international development community, which are designed for countries in the global south to conform to the neoliberal world capitalist order and adhere to its rules of engagement [including] 'structural reform' and neoliberal globalization.
Professor Breidlid, a scholar from the North, travelled widely to and within many countries in the global South and had live experiences with peoples of the countries he visited and/or did research in.
On this United Nations Day for South-South cooperation, I call on all partners to redouble their efforts to harness the wealth of knowledge, expertise and development thinking in the Global South.
The high-end 2050 projection for the Global South involves an additional 3.
On this matter, the book recalls the current discussion, on the role and the centrality of ICANN, between the US and European governments on one side and some of the Global South economies such as China, Brazil, South Africa and India, plus several Middle Eastern economies on the other side.
How can we engage both Christians from the global south and people of faith from other religious traditions in ways that are both authentic to our own centeredness in Jesus Christ and open to developing life-giving relationships through interfaith encounters?
9) In his groundbreaking book, Jenkins argued that the Christianity of the Global South is characterized by charismatic expressions, a focus on social justice, and a more conservative theology than its cousin in the northern hemisphere.
Poor people in countries of the Global South might need to stop drinking Coca-Cola.
Susan Mapp examines threats to child well-being globally, investigating violations of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in countries both in the Global North and the Global South.
There will also be time for networking, hot drinks and browsing stalls from faith groups and NGOs working on global poverty and there will be stories and experiences of the Global South from women of different faiths.
During this exciting and challenging period of change, and with the majority of Catholics living in the global South, it's an opportune time for the church to renew its vocation to the disenfranchised, to those on the underside of history and socioeconomic norms.
Through KAIROS, Anglicans have learned about the impact of climate through face-to-face connections with partners from the global south and have engaged in the KyotoPLUS campaign for a binding, science-based approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

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