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Related to General Average: Particular average
Provision in maritime law where all shippers on a given voyage would reimburse the ship line in the event of vessel sinking or catastrophic damage. It also provides for the reimbursement to those shippers whose cargo was thrown overboard in order to save the vessel.
In maritime law, a form of insurance with the condition that if one company's cargo must be thrown overboard in order to save the ship from sinking, all other companies with cargo on the ship pay restitution. The form of the general average is agreed upon in advance; normally, the companies pay in proportion to the amount of cargo they each had on the ship. This is done to reduce risk to all companies using a ship to transport their goods.