on management fees, front-end loads
, fund and family size, date of
Fund B has a high front-end load
but a moderate expense ratio.
Also note that, when compared to these alternatives, the option that combines a lower front-end load
and a moderate 12b-1 fee is not a suitable option over any of the investment horizons.
In the United Kingdom, where corporate and non-corporate mutual funds exist side-by-side, mutual funds organized as corporations charge significantly lower front-end loads
and annual management fees than mutual funds not organized as corporations, after controlling for other factors.
Purchasing a true no-load mutual fund, however, permits the mutual fund shareholder to avoid both a front-end load
and a surrender charge.
Class A shares, for example, typically bear a front-end load
with various "break-points," (113) with or without an ongoing 12b-1 fee.
Investors pay no front-end load
for subscription on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange nor are any exchange fees charged.
Keywords: Front-end Load
Balancing, Network Intrusion Detection Systems, NIDS, 100 Gbps, Ethernet, High-speed Networks
2 Royalties, Fees and Applicable Front-End Load
The HYDRAstor OST Suite introduces Dynamic I/O, which delivers adaptable front-end load
balancing with efficient inline global deduplication, as well as Optimized Copy, which creates WAN-optimized backup images for storage at remote systems and features optimized bandwidth utilization and efficient administration.
Following this directive, the SEC, NASD and NYSE issued a report in March of 2003 detailing their findings that nearly one in three mutual fund transactions in front-end load
mutual funds that appeared eligible for a breakpoint discount did not receive one.