Fordism


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Fordism

a form of MASS PRODUCTION characterized by a high degree of job specialization, so called after the pattern of WORK ORGANIZATION and JOB DESIGN extolled by American car entrepreneur Henry Ford (1863-1947). Large numbers of a product could be produced for a mass market using assembly line technology where each worker performs a single task over and over again. Although high specialization can have efficiency advantages this form of work organization is often associated with low levels of JOB SATISFACTION, high LABOUR TURNOVER and ABSENTEEISM and high levels of CONFLICT and INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES.
References in periodicals archive ?
He concludes that, due to his relative economism, Deleuze misidentified real changes associated with the transition from Fordism to post-Fordism as comprising something much more dramatically new at a political level than they really were, and that post-Fordism manifests at most a modification of disciplinary power, rather than a new technology of power in a Foucauldian sense.
The crisis of antipodean Fordism represents the decline of a structured totality with a range of economic, political and cultural dimensions.
The growth regime of Fordism, or the macroeconomic link, is composed of three channels.
During the first quarter of the 20th century, Fordism emerged as a dominant regime of capitalist accumulation.
Chapter six importantly acknowledges the limits of Fordism in Sangster's attention to women's work in Aboriginal communities on the prairies, while Chapter seven takes us into the era of second wave feminism as it analyzes letters written by women workers to the Royal Commission on the Status of Women beginning in the late 1960s.
With the increased rationalization of work-productivity through the early doctrines of Taylorism and Fordism in the 20th century, Italy's role as a full-fledged, if belated, member of Western modernity was consolidated.
Despite his criticism of the way work, the household sector and well-being have been treated in Gross Domestic Product, and his refutation of the claims of neoclassical and libertarian economists that labour-power have been voluntarily sold, Perelman has not dealt with what has been conceptualised as the transition from Fordism to post-Fordism and has not distinguished between the effects of internal and external labour markets.
Aldous seeks to highlight this discrepancy by focusing on the role of Fordism in his imagined society.
12) While the relative security implied by Fordism's golden age as well as by the welfare state are spatially confined to a small slice of the global economy--notably the United States and Western Europe--the partial diffusion of Fordism via branch plant industrialization insured precarious work conditions worldwide.
40) The transition from Fordism to post-Fordism has been marked by the passage from the production of mass-produced material goods to the production of nonmaterial goods and services and similarly, from material to immaterial or affective forms of labor.
If the shift from Fordism to post-Fordism had its psychic casualties, then post-Fordism has innovated whole new modes of stress.
He has a habit, throughout the book, of referring to Western (especially American) capitalism in terms of Fordism and post-Fordism.