These hostilities manifested in the clamour for resource control, (2) true federalism
(3), self-determination (4) and outright secession, among others.
We do not accept federalism
in Lebanon or in any other Arab country," he said.
This restructuring and strengthening of the federal role in education will disrupt the nation's longstanding approach to education federalism
because it would require shifting the balance of power in education away from the state and local governments and toward the federal government.
The majority of the Court states that the principle of cooperative federalism
cannot impose limits on an otherwise valid exercise of jurisdiction; (9) it is therefore a negative protection against conflicting policy positions creating deadlock between governments (and, as the Court notes, is reflected in such principles of constitutional law as interjurisdictional immunity), (10) rather than a positive, legal obligation to cooperate.
Machar's faction had demanded that federalism
should be agreed as part and parcel of a final peace agreement that will be implemented during a transitional period by a government of national unity.
The introduction is a thoughtful overview of some of the key issues that have shaped Simeon's scholarship and driven the field in recent years: the "chicken and egg" debate over societal values vis-a-vis founding institutions as a key determinant for a federation's causation; the question of the importance of democracy and trust within a polity as a basis for whether or not federalism
can root itself successfully; and, of course, federalism
's capacity to evolve over time.
He hoped that after doing their research on issues like 18th Amendment, Fiscal federalism
, Decentralization and Local Government in Pakistan, the scholars will be able to contribute to these subjects at the national level.
Part II argues that policy choices by subnational units of government that fail to account for or consider these coordination benefits should not be celebrated as a form of adaptive federalism
merely because they are state policy choices.
This season of federalism
isn't a consequence of thoughtful diagnoses.
Taken together, these essays suggest that federalism
is the new nationalism.
Ahmad Hajjar, a government official and economist, observed that the transformation to federalism
is costly and the current budget will only be able to deliver less than 50 per cent of the operating expenses of the new system.
I'm supporting the Federalism
in Action Project to make the case that decision-making should be local because it simply works better.