copyright

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Related to Fair use doctrine: Digital Millennium Copyright Act

Copyright

The right to distribute, copy, or change an original work for a limited period of time. A state grants copyright to the creator of the work, but the creator may assign or sell the right. During the time the copyright persists, one must (with some exceptions) receive permission from the owner to publish or distribute the copyrighted material. After a certain period of time, any person may distribute the work without permission. See also: Public domain.

copyright

the legal ownership by persons or businesses of certain kinds of material, in particular original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic work; sound recordings, films, broadcasts and cable programmes; the typographical arrangement or layout of a published edition; and computer programs. In the UK, the COPYRIGHT, DESIGNS AND PATENTS ACT 1988 gives legal rights to the creators of copyright material so that they can control the various ways in which their work may be exploited. Copyright protection is automatic and there is no registration or other formality The 1988 Act gives copyright owners protection against unauthorized copying of such material in most cases for a period of 50 years. If copyright is infringed, the copyright owner (or assignee or licensee) may seek an injunction through the courts preventing further abuses, with offenders liable to pay unlimited damages/ fines and prison sentences in extreme cases. See BRAND.

copyright

the ownership of the rights to a publication of a book, manual, newspaper, etc., giving legal entitlement and powers of redress against theft and unauthorized publication or copying. See INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT.

Copyright

The exclusive legal right to sell, reproduce, or publish a literary, musical, or artistic work.
References in periodicals archive ?
consideration of the fair use doctrine thus is sufficient to state a
62) Consideration of this factor in this light helps guard against a harsh application of the Fair Use Doctrine, which would deny its implementation simply because a large portion of the copyrighted work was used irrespective of its overall importance to the work.
69) The defendant in that case, the American Broadcasting Companies (ABC), attempted to assert the Fair Use Doctrine as a defense for their unauthorized use of a film, produced by an Iowa State University (ISU) student, entitled "Champion.
Rejecting the application of rigid rules, the Second Circuit instead emphasized the importance of an ad hoc examination of the facts presented in each case that seeks to apply the Fair Use Doctrine.
The fair use doctrine is not a license for corporate theft, empowering a court to ignore a copyright whenever it determines the underlying work contains material of possible public importance.
ABC's argument that the Fair Use Doctrine was a valid defense was fourfold: first, ABC asserted that the public benefit in sharing historical and biographical information should move the court to find that ABC's use was appropriate; second, they argued that the "'nature of the copyrighted work' was essentially different from that of the network's olympic broadcasts";(84) third, they asserted that a portion of material used from the copyrighted work was insignificant; finally, ABC contended that the copyright holder's potential market had not been adversely affected,(85) The circuit court rejected all of these arguments and instead found that the copyright granted the holder the right to exploit the marketplace or withhold the copyrighted material from use in the marketplace.
90) the Fair Use Doctrine was the source of litigation between a publisher and a copy center.