automation

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Related to Factory automation: Process automation

Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
TABLE 60 NORTH AMERICA: INDUSTRIAL CONTROLS & FACTORY AUTOMATION MARKET, BY APPLICATIONS, 2011-2016 ($BILLION)
Applications in the factory automation market are segmented into power, textile, oil & gas, automotive, chemicals, printing & packaging, plastics, food processing, pharmaceuticals, and Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM).
The Industrial control and Factory automation is an emerging trend in the manufacturing organizations, providing smart manufacturing setup.
With the new surge of innovation in technology, industrial control systems and factory automation systems are now being utilized by various industries for accurate and reliable process control.
The result is a dramatic reduction in component costs and board space requirements for industrial applications, such as data acquisition and process control systems used in factory automation.
India too is gaining factory automation market [http://www.
HCL's Factory Automation solution suite, aims to rapidly make semiconductor equipment and wafer foundries (fabs) compliant to standards that are developed by Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI), and also conform to guidelines from International SEMATECH Manufacturing Initiative (ISMI).
a global supplier of factory automation equipment, announced today it has established an alliance with Silicon Valley-based Absaria to provide "touchless diagnostics" and predictive maintenance solutions for the semiconductor industry.
Industrial control and Factory automation systems are used for automatic monitoring and controlling the operations and processes with the help of robots like devices and thereby reducing the human intervention.
a global supplier of factory automation equipment, announced today it has created an alliance with Silicon Valley-based Xpaseo to provide RFID-based wafer tracking solutions for the semiconductor industry.
a global supplier of factory automation equipment, and Silicon Valley-based ASTA Systems, Inc.