What unifies all the government's enemies--political, corporate, institutional, business--is the government's policy of apparently irreversible changes, with expropriations
as one of the central pillars.
ASEAN-AU-NZ FTA, supra note 53, Annex on Expropriation
and Compensation, [paragraph] 4, at 177-78; Zoellick Letter, supra note 153, at [paragraph] 4(b).
Article 1102 ensures that investors from the other NAFTA countries will not receive less favourable treatment than domestic investors, Article 1103 gives these investors most-favoured-nation status with respect to their investments, Article 1105 prescribes a minimum standard of fair and equitable treatment, and Article 1110 protects against expropriation
without compensation and bans certain expropriations
II +) annexes and memories required to obtain government decision on expropriation
for public utility, prepared only for vol .
Even so, the federal government intervened with a expropriation
In Canada, there was once a common law basis for expropriation
without legislative oversight.
Kazakhstan case, where it was ordered to pay 170 million USD with interests for the expropriation
of Kar-Tel, at the time the second largest mobile operator in Kazakhstan, owned by Turkish investors.
Repsol is fighting for financial compensation over the expropriation
the past, the act of expropriation
constituted willingly and voluntarily
Ma noted that those measures are meant to avoid disputes related to land expropriation
and alleviate local people's concern over sky-high realty prices, so as to materialize the justice of land, residence, and taxation.
insurance protects an insured's investment or assets in a foreign country from the foreign government's unlawful confiscation, nationalization or expropriation
A common law de facto expropriation
will only be found where the owner has been deprived of all "reasonable" uses of his or her property, with reasonable being defined to include some unprofitable uses.