Ethics

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Ethics

Standards of conduct or moral judgment.

Ethics

The study and practice of appropriate behavior, regardless of the behavior's legality. Certain industries have professional organizations setting and promoting certain ethical standards. For example, an accountant may be required to refrain from engaging in aggressive accounting, even when a particular type of aggressive accounting is not illegal. Professional organizations may censure or revoke the licenses of those professionals who are found to have violated the ethical standards of their fields.

In investing, ethics helps inform the investment decisions of some individuals and companies. For example, an individual may have a moral objection to smoking and therefore refrain from investing in tobacco companies. Ethics may be both positive and negative in investing; that is, it may inform where an individual makes investments (e.g. in environmentally friendly companies) and where he/she does not (e.g. in arms manufacturers). Some mutual funds and even whole subdivisions are dedicated to promoting ethical investing. See also: Green fund, Islamic finance.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the conclusion, Kowalski shows and states that elements of ethical theory such as the concept of natural law are subject to theoretical interpreters, with the understanding that their belief systems are a factor, regarding their acceptance or rejection of such concepts.
Recall and understand several approaches to professional ethics, including utilitarian ethics, virtue-based ethical theory, and moral motivation theory.
The authors then consider the approach taken by many ethicists to applied ethics, of constructing an ethical theory of corporate social responsibility, such as the stakeholder model (which seems to be the favorite model of most business ethics texts).
Kuhn's theory of paradigms and Lakatos's account of research programs provided MacIntyre with a means to express clearly his basic idea that a particular ethical theory could not be properly understood without an intimate knowledge of the immediate social and historical contexts in which it was produced.
These fit well with the communicative ethical theory of Habermas (1990) as they draw attention to relationship as well as individual responsibility, the communication of interpersonal acceptance through professional language practices, and culminate in the holding of a balanced explanatory framework (distributive justice) between individual and sociopolitical contexts.
The nearest approach to ethical theory in Buddhism can be seen in the Vinaya where cases are grouped together under rubrics in the manner of casuistry but without progressing to the stage of fully-fledged theory.
This family of ethical theory goes back to classical Antiquity, to Plato (1945) and Aristotle (2007) and finds its current instantiations in contemporary virtue ethics (MacIntyre, 2007).
The influential textbook Ethics for Teachers (Strike & Soltis, 2009) uses elements of ethical theory, case analysis, and the NEA code of ethics to develop an ethical knowledge base, deliberative abilities, and analytic skills.
Finally, this capstone course would serve as a comprehensive course that would include applying ethical theory and the professional codes of conduct and ethics to decision-making skills in order to develop and promote moral reasoning.
In Levinas and the Cinema of Redemption: Time, Ethics, and the Feminine, Sam B Girgus develops an ethical analytic for cinema by recovering the ethical theory of Emmanuel Levinas, which he argues is dramatized in a multinational canon of films that he terms 'the cinema of redemption'.
They refer to the application of ethical theories to concrete cases as practical ethics, stating 'We have not attempted a general ethical theory and do not claim that our principles mimic, are analogous to or substitute for the foundational principles in leading classical theories.
He possessed a broad expertise in ethical theory as well as economics, earning two divinity degrees from Concordia Seminary in St.