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Related to Environmental management: Environmental management system


The people who administer a company, create policies, and provide the support necessary to implement the owners' business objectives.


1. The persons or institutions that administer a company. That is, management has the responsibility to direct employees, set and enforce policies, and generally ensure that the company fulfills its goals (which management itself often sets). Management is responsible to the board of directors (of a publicly-traded company) and ultimately to the company's owners. In small companies, owners and managers are often the same people.

2. See: Asset management.


The process of organizing and directing human and physical resources within an ORGANIZATION so as to meet defined objectives. The key management roles are:
  1. planning how to carry out the various activities which are required to achieve the objective. This involves establishing an action programme (see BUSINESS PLAN) and an appropriate organization structure within which tasks can be subdivided (for example into production, personnel, marketing and finance); RESPONSIBILITY for them delegated; and PAY and reward systems instituted (see JOB DESIGN AND REDESIGN, WORK ORGANIZATION);
  2. CONTROL, by comparing current performance with that planned in order to monitor progress of the work. Such comparisons reveal where additional resources may be needed to achieve desired performance or when plans may need to be modified in the light of experience;
  3. COORDINATION of the tasks being undertaken, which involves synchronizing and balancing work loads and ensuring effective collaboration between the various DEPARTMENTS and GROUPS within the organization;
  4. MOTIVATION of the members of the organization, encouraging them to work effectively in performing their assigned task.

CLASSICAL MANAGEMENT THEORY portrayed management as a rational activity largely concerned with establishing routines and procedures for administering the work. More recently this emphasis has been questioned in a number of respects. Research has shown that much of the manager's working day is spent on tasks other than those suggested in this approach, for example attending retirement presentations, responding to telephone enquiries etc. Much of the manager's job involves ad hoc reactions to events. Other research has shown that managers ‘muddle through’, aiming at achieving satisfactory rather than optimum outcomes (see SATISFICING).

Recent writing on management has emphasized the LEADERSHIP aspect of the managerial function. The key issue here concerns the means by which managers can achieve effective performance from their subordinates. Two basic approaches are identified in the literature (on MANAGEMENT STYLE):

  1. task orientation, where managers' relationship with their subordinates is essentially directive, being primarily focused on getting the job done;
  2. people orientation, where managers show a greater concern for their subordinates' well-being, on the grounds that a contented workforce performs effectively.

Some believe that good leaders are born with certain personal qualities whilst others believe that these can be instilled through MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT. Whatever perspective is taken it should be remembered that leadership involves more than a leader: it also involves subordinates and a context. Good leadership is that which produces appropriate behaviour from others in particular situations. See ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS, BOARD OF DIRECTORS.

References in periodicals archive ?
The company's standard is to have every EMS aligned with the ISO 14001 environmental management system standard so that it can be certified if the business unit chooses to do so.
It's important to recognize that it's an environmental management standard rather than an environmental performance standard," she says.
Purpose: To highlight innovative and successful corporate environmental management practices and projects in New England.
The EMCBC provides the DoE's Office of Environmental Management and its project sites with a full range of business support services (as listed above) and provides customer sites with technical assistance.
Fujitsu's environmental management system with worldwide integrated ISO 14001 certification covers Fujitsu Limited (98 locations), its 90 consolidated subsidiaries in Japan (503 locations), and now 11 subsidiaries(*5) (22 locations) outside Japan, for a total of 102 companies (623 locations) that are primarily involved in manufacturing, representing some 117,000 employees in total
Yet the author fails to identify what the experiences of these other countries really mean for China and, especially, how China can best use the lessons learned from those experiences on balancing sound environmental management with economic demand while maintaining social stability.
Sustaining Environmental Management Success: Best Business Practice from Industry Leaders
The case study method can be very useful in environmental management instruction, as well as in other teaching contexts.
Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Small Business Division recently published a guide to help small businesses organize their environmental management responsibilities in a productive and cost-effective way.
Information was compiled from a periodic NIST survey focusing on so-called "9000 series" quality standards and on "ISO 14000," the family of Environmental Management System standards issued by the International Organization for Standardization (known as ISO).
Through an arrangement with Chemical Safety Software, developer of Environmental Management Systems (EMS), the hazardous materials information collected by the Chicago LEPC is being made available back to those organizations required to submit it.
Leighton Contractors (Asia) Limited has achieved ISO 14001 certification for its environmental management system, making it one of the first construction companies in Hong Kong to do so.

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