encumbrance

(redirected from Encumberance)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Encumbrance

1. In accounting, an amount of money that one is required to spend on a stated thing in the future. For example, a portion of the proceeds of a sale may be encumbered to pay for the cost of goods sold.

2. In real estate, any claim of ownership that may cloud the legitimacy of a sale. See also: Bad title.

encumbrance

1. A liability on real property. For example, a mortgage encumbers title to real estate because the lender has an interest in the property. Compare unencumbered.
2. A commitment within an organization to use funds for a specific purpose. Thus, a college may encumber funds for later payment to cover expenses associated with a faculty member's trip to recruit new professors.