Affirmative Action

(redirected from Employment Equity)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Affirmative Action

A series of policies a government or organization pursues to help a given demographic group, especially a historical minority, in work and/or education. Affirmative action may be mild; for example, race may be one of a number of factors a university considers when deciding admission. On the other hand, it may impose stringent requirements; for example, a government may oblige companies to abide by gender quotas when hiring.

Affirmative action as a policy is quite controversial. Proponents argue it helps engender equality among groups in society. Critics contend it does (or at least can) reward less qualified persons at the expense of more qualified persons.

The term "affirmative action" is predominantly American. The concept is called positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, employment equity in Canada and reservation in India.
References in periodicals archive ?
Related to this discussion there have also been books on employment equity in Canada (Agocs and Burr, 1992) and the evolution of women's studies programs in Canadian universities (Braithwaite, Heald, Luhmann and Rosenberg, 2004).
Says Mbeki: "This confirms what every honest South African knows, that whatever the reason, and despite our employment equity act and other interventions, understandably, we have not succeeded in our 13 years of democratic rule to eradicate the 350-year-long legacy of colonialism and apartheid, as we could"
Evelyn, Samantha, and Winona support antiracism education and employment equity policies.
The minister's Advisory Board on Canadian Forces Gender Integration and Employment Equity gave the CF a failing grade, and suggested "employment equity has little chance of success unless all leaders are committed to and held accountable for results.
Employment equity also does not address education equity, which is required to create a supply of qualified persons who could apply for positions.
The Employment Equity Act imposes anti-discrimination requirements on Canadian private sector employers with 100 or more employees as well as all federal departments and agencies.
Since coming to power in 1994, the government has passed legislation on labour relations and basic conditions of employment and is planning an employment equity law, placing additional burdens on employers.
Explain the differences between affirmative action, or in Canada, employment equity and diversity.
On May 1, 1995, just before staff members throughout our region were handed the NDP government's Employment Equity Workforce Survey to complete, they were first read an Employment Equity Prayer and Reflection composed specially for the occasion by the chaplain of a local high school.
the 1986 Employment Equity Act, whose goal is to ensure fair hiring, promotion, and training practices in companies under federal jurisdiction - such as federal crown corporations, banks, airlines, railways, telephone and broadcasting companies - with more than 100 employees (employment equity means that no one should be discriminated against for being a woman, a person with a disability, an aboriginal person, or a person from a visible minority group);
While in office, the government adopted progressive labour legislation and an employment equity policy, but didn't fulfill its promise of public auto insurance.

Full browser ?