Elizabeth Phillips

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Elizabeth Phillips

An American socialist and game designer, also known as Lizzie Magie. She is best known for her invention of The Landlord's Game, a board game that was the precursor to Monopoly. She created it around 1903 to demonstrate what she thought of as the abuses created by the capitalist system. Phillips lived from 1866 to 1848.
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and Margaret MacGregor Magie, and his daughter, Mary Elizabeth Magie.
Erbyn chwilio, mae'n debyg mai yn yr Unol Daleithiau, yn ystod y "Great Depression" yn 1935 y cafodd ei chreu, a hynny drwy ddwyn syniad Crynwraig o'r enw Elizabeth Magie oedd wedi cael patent ar gem o'r enw "The Landlord's Game" yn 1904.
He fills his narrative with fascinating characters, such as Elizabeth Magie Phillips, creator of The Landlord's Game, who saw her invention as a way of winning folks over to the crank ideas of single-tax enthusiast Henry George; Columbia University economist Rexford GuyTugwell, who used Phillips' game as a teaching tool and who, as a member of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal "Brains Trust," pushed for "a full state-administered economy" during the Depression; and the unemployed plumber and "ordinary American" Charles B.
37) 10) Anti-Monopoly Real estate trading board game with an exciting twist on the early twentieth century Elizabeth Magie classic -- players choose free enterprise or monopoly.
The italics are mine, and the game probably can be traced to Elizabeth Magie Philips decades before, to be later developed as Atlantic City monopoly, a board game played by Quaker ladies and gentlemen in the Philadelphia area.
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