net present value

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Net present value (NPV)

The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost.

Net Present Value

A measure of discounted cash inflow to present cash outflow to determine whether a prospective investment will be profitable. For example, if a dentist wishes to purchase a new dental practice, he may calculate the net present value over a number of years to see if he will recover his investment in a reasonable period of time. If the ask price for the dental practice is $500,000, this is the present cash outflow used in the calculation. If the discounted cash inflow over, say, two years, is greater than or equal to $500,000, then the investment will likely be profitable. See also: Present value.

net present value

The discounted value of an investment's cash inflows minus the discounted value of its cash outflows. To be adequately profitable, an investment should have a net present value greater than zero. For investment in securities, the initial cost is usually the only outflow.

net present value


net present value


net present value

An analytical tool for evaluating whether or not to purchase an investment. The tool does not tell you if an investment is good or bad;it tells you if the investment will meet your predetermined objectives or not.

• Critical to defining your objectives is setting the equivalent of an interest rate you would like to earn on your initial cash investment. This is called the discount rate. The discount rate may change from investment to investment, depending on your assessment of the risk. The safest investment is an FDIC-insured savings account, but it returns the lowest interest rate. You, the investor, decide what rate you would like to earn. You use the net-present-value tool to calculate whether a particular investment will earn the rate you want.

• Having said all that, the official definition of net present value is as follows: using a preselected discount rate, net present value is the present value of all cash incomes, less the present value of all cash outflows (including initial investment). If this is not clear, it will become so with the example below.

• If the net present value is 0 or a positive number, the investor should go forward. If the answer is negative for the discount rate selected, then the investment should not be made because it will not meet the investor's objectives, not because it is a “bad investment” in the ordinary sense of that phrase.

• The Excel formula for present value is pv (rate, cashflow, cashflow, cashflow)
‘'Rate” is the cell with the interest rate the investor would like to earn. Each of the “cashflow” entries is a cell address for cash flows by the end of each year, such as year 1, year 2, year 3, and so on. If an asset is sold in a particular year, the net sales price (after expenses of the sale) is entered as part of the cash flow for that year. One flaw of the system is that it assumes all cash flows are received at year-end, when they are really received over time, but that is usually a relatively minor problem.

References in periodicals archive ?
If the benefit terms do not establish an obligation to pay specific amounts on fixed or determinable dates, the cost of non-healthcare-related benefits should be calculated as either (1) the discounted present value of expected future benefit payments, including an assumption regarding changes in future cost levels during the periods covered by the employer's commitment to provide the benefits, or (2) the undiscounted total of estimated future benefit payments at current cost levels.
3) to acquire that discounted present value for finite T was just back substitution and algebraic manipulation of the sequence of flow-of-funds identities.
Theorem 2: The discounted present value of the firm, [C.
The discounted present values of such trusts' income, as determined under IRS tables, are allowed as charitable deductions.
69 per barrel with similar adjustments), would have resulted in a pre-tax discounted present value of $7.
Calculation of a discounted present value of its investment in Guinea Alumina necessarily requires extensive use of estimates and assumptions about the Project's development and construction schedule and costs, future production and sales volumes, future commodity prices, discount rates, foreign exchange rates, future capital and operating costs, the amount and cost of debt financing and other factors.
The headlease requires X to make two rental payments to FM during its 34-year term: (1) an $89 million "prepayment" at the beginning of year 1; and (2) a "postpayment" at the end of year 34 that has a discounted present value of $8 million.
The IRS can now accept a payment of the discounted present value of the taxpayer's potential earnings.
We believe that the presentation of pre-tax discounted present value is relevant and useful to our investors because it presents the discounted future net cash flows attributable to our proved reserves prior to taking into account future corporate income taxes and our current tax structure.
Critique: For estate tax purposes, the copyrights were valued by reference to the discounted present value of the income streams expected to arise under the royalty agreements.
Using the SEC rules from last year, which used year end pricing for reserve calculations, Atlas' proved reserves would have had a pre-tax discounted present value of $1.