This example demonstrates the differences between undiscounted cash flows,

discounted cash flows using the traditional approach and discounted expected cash flows according to the concepts statement.

This article develops three

discounted cash flow models to value the future cash flows associated with income-producing property: a deterministic model, sensitivity analysis, and a probabilistic model.

The internal rate of return (IRR) differs from the NPV method in that it seeks to figure out not the

discounted cash flow but the interest rate required to provide an NPV of zero; that is, a

discounted cash flow equal to the cost of the investment.

With regard to choosing a discount rate when using a

discounted cash flow technique to value a biological asset, the following advice adopted from IAS39 paragraphs AG76, AG76A and BC104 is especially relevant:

0% Factor

Discounted Cash Flow Sum of

Discounted Cash Flows Less: Interest-bearing Debt Total Equity Value Indication (Dollar amounts are in thousands) Description Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Net Sales Revenue, $278,750 $292,688 $307,322 growing annually Less: Cost of Goods 144,393 151,612 159,193 Sold Gross Profit 134,357 141,076 148,129 Less: Operating & 118,469 124,392 130,612 Admin.

The justification will be most likely in the form of a five-year spreadsheet showing

discounted cash flows for each of the five years (see Fig.

The share exchange ratio has been determined in accordance with best practices in valuation, using the relative market prices,

discounted cash flows and book values.

TRRU Metrics joins several existing IP valuation methods including

Discounted Cash Flows (DCF), DCF with Monte Carlo stochastic modifiers, lost royalties, the 25% rule, and the method of comparables.

ManageSource specializes in producing independent equity research for small public companies and developing and delivering dynamic, customized financial modeling solutions, such as product pricing analysis, revenue models, cost analysis,

discounted cash flows and profit and loss statements for both public and private companies.

The recalculated

discounted cash flows can be compared with the initial computations and the reasons for the variance used to inform similar projects in the future.

The payback period, while attractive due to its simplicity, doesn't account for indirect costs or

discounted cash flows.

Allows for

discounted cash flows or earnings using a variety of selected discount rates.