Dirigisme

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Dirigisme

In political science, the theory that the state ought to drive economic growth. Dirigisme argues that the state may do this by controlling the means of production (as in communism) or simply through careful economic planning. Proponents believe that dirigisme is an effective tool of development, while critics contend that it is inefficient and not respectful of individual rights. See also: State capitalism.
References in periodicals archive ?
This program of national revival increasingly estranged her from continental Europe's more dirigiste approach.
They did not understand the advantages of constructive dissent and preferred to live in denial under dirigiste rule in a hostile political environment.
In their survey of the industrial, infrastructural, and legal frameworks underpinning Hollywood's global hegemony, Toby Miller and his co-authors consider the way Hollywood's laissez faire neo-liberal economics are seen to oppose (and consequently help define) the dirigiste national cinema model of state protection and financial support (Miller et al 3-4).
Furthermore, the many theorists who created a seemingly "new development economics" provided the intellectual basis for the complex system of dirigiste controls on "anything that moved" (as one wit put it) in a market economy.
Public policies that provide an open, enabling, competitive market environment, that work with, rather than against, market-based preferences, and that limit direct government intervention to market failures have a much higher success rate in democratic societies than do dirigiste policies.
Indeed, for many opponents of the free market, Vichy offered an unhopedfor opportunity to put many of these dirigiste principles to the test.
response, or at minimum a dirigiste strategy, before the Chinese assume ownership and control of all the world's resources.
Among others, the French formerly had a dirigiste model.
Whereas the EU is a direct descendant of the Coal and Steel Community, which coded free markets and the free movement of peoples into the DNA of modern Europe, modern Russia is increasingly dirigiste and tends to still command its strategic industries.
An important economic policy variation is between more dirigiste regimes (Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan) and more liberal regimes (the Kyrgyz Republic or Mongolia).
Their research is expanded by Jakubowicz who compares the 'polarized pluralist' media system model of the Mediterranean countries with post-communist countries and finds out some similarities: late democratization, insufficient economic development, weak-rational-legal authority combined with dirigiste State (Jakubowicz 2008b:47).
After decades of planned reforms to Syria's dirigiste economy, Assad's Baath party finally pledged its commitment to developing a market economy in 2005.