developing country

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Less Developed Country

A country with lower GDP relative to other countries. Less developed countries are characterized by little industry and sometimes a comparatively high dependence on foreign aid. Less developed countries often undertake programs of development, with greater or lesser interventions on the part of the national governments. They are major borrowers from organizations such as the World Bank. While no strict definition of which countries are less developed exists, most countries that do not belong to the OECD are considered less developed. See also: International development.

developing country

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less developed country

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underdeveloped country

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emerging country

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Third World

country a country characterized by low levels of GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT and INCOME PER HEAD. See Fig. 51 . Such countries are typically dominated by a large PRIMARY SECTOR thatproduces a limited range of agricultural and mineral products and in which the majority of the POPULATION exists at or near subsistence levels, producing barely enough for their immediate needs, thus being unable to release the resources required to support a large urbanized industrial population. The term ‘developing’ indicates that, as seen by most such countries, the way to improve their economic fortunes is to diversify the industrial base of the economy by, in particular, establishing new manufacturing industries and by adopting the PRICE SYSTEM. To facilitate an increase in urban population necessary for INDUSTRIALIZATION, a nation may either IMPORT the necessary commodities from abroad with the FOREIGN EXCHANGE earned from the EXPORT of the (predominantly) primary goods, or it can attempt to improve its own agriculture. With appropriate ECONOMIC AID from industrialized countries and the ability and willingness on the part of a developing country, the transition into a NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY could be made.

Certain problems do exist, however. For instance, increases in real income that are achieved need to be maintained, which means keeping population numbers in check. Illiteracy and social customs for large families tend to work against governmental efforts to increase the STANDARD OF LIVING of its citizens. Also, most of the foreign exchange earned by such countries is by exporting, mainly commodities (see INTERNATIONAL TRADE). See ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRY, DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION TRAP, INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS, UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT, INTERNATIONAL DEBT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Macekura barely touches on the joint efforts of environmental NGOs and population control NGOs from the developed world to crash the total fertility rate of the developing world as a means to lessen their need for rapid industrialization, resource extraction, and environmental degradation, as well as to preserve the political and economic hegemony of the developed world.
These performance metrics should not merely focus on scientific knowledge outputs in the developing world, but on priority assistance defined and required by the developing world to harness the outputs of science," said the Minister.
Nearly half of these households are in the developing world, where household Internet penetration is approaching 28 percent.
The developing world lacked the proper energy infrastructure and could easily develop renewable energy sources by adopting latest technologies, he said.
Unfortunately, the greenhouse gases now in the atmosphere will not be removed by natural processes for decades, and the developing world is churning past the developed world in greenhouse gas emissions.
Ethics committees and review boards in the developing world need to be sensitive to these concerns.
Other prospective arms purchasers in the developing world with significant financial assets have been cautious in launching new and costly weapons-procurement programs.
But in the developing world, where culture and tradition continue to frame the roles, experiences, and expectations of girls and women, the effects of patriarchy, second-class status, and domestic violence on women have been less explored.
But for the developing world, biogas's greatest benefit may be that it can help alleviate a very serious health problem: poor indoor air quality.
Gates and Hale are fighting the good fight in a valiant attempt to weaken malaria's grip on the developing world.
He has contributed to Developing World Bioethics, the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, and Eubios Journal of Asian & International Bioethics.

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