Demos

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Demos

In Greece, a political subdivision equivalent to a municipality.
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While I agree with Bohman that the emergence of a multiplicity of public spheres and communication across demoi must be encouraged, he understates the importance of global political institutions, which alone can be relied upon to enforce respect for human rights in a meaningful way.
This concern notwithstanding, Democracy across Borders: From Demos to Demoi is an important contribution to the literature on normative global governance and an elegant argument for republican federalism.
Call this the demoi problem, the problem of domination across the units of the same democracy and across different democratic polities.
Even in a plural polity, some entities may lack the democratic minimum, and their demoi may in turn be dominated by other demoi (when the members of some subunit are taken to be demoi with regard to self-government).
This begins to address the more fundamental difficulty: why does one demos have the authority to dominate other demoi in the first place?
In the next section I argue that the regress of demoi gives us good reason to think that a transnational democracy--a democracy across borders--is the best way to promote human political rights and the democratic minimum.
It also raises another central concern of democracy that crosses borders: the relation among demoi and the boundaries between citizens and noncitizens.
This requires not only a new form of constitutionalism to make such a polity meet the democratic minimum, but also new forms of inquiry such that institutions inquire into different, nonuniform policies across demoi rather than resolve conflicts in terms of a comprehensive, first-person plural perspective.