decentralization

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decentralization

the relocation of managerial AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY to a lower level in the ORGANIZATION. A restructuring of a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE to a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE will generally involve some degree of decentralization, especially regarding operational (but not strategic) matters. DELAYERING often involves decentralization from middle management to LINE MANAGERS. See CENTRALIZATION, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

decentralization

the diffusion of economic decision-making to many different decision-makers rather than concentrating such decision-making centrally. In an economy this is achieved by the adoption of the PRICE SYSTEM, which devolves decisions to individual consumers and suppliers. In a firm, decentralization involves delegating authority to make decisions ‘down the line’ to particular divisions and departments. See PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY, MFORM ORGANIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond the federal government's use of the Community model, the academic studies of the EC model which appeared at this time also strongly (and uniformly) refuted the decentralist hypothesis put forward by Quebecois commentators.
Seeing decentralist philosophy attached to a mid-19th century war, many Americans might assume that secession belongs to the dustbins of history, Kirk fears, forever settled by a triumphant President Lincoln and his Union armies.
Like it or not, Lucien Bouchard's decentralists and Preston Manning's decentralists have a great deal in common.
To be fair, Kauffman does indeed encounter some sketchy characters in his travels among the various groups who champion the decentralist cause.
My friend Patrick Deneen, who teaches political theory at Georgetown, has written on the decentralist website Front Porch Republic of interviewing at a college (much less prestigious than Georgetown) near his hometown in Connecticut:
Both the allegedly gay-friendly president and the allegedly decentralist Kansan support making marriage a matter of federal, rather than state, definition.
It will be a far more difficult task to devise an alternative political system that will enable the decentralist aims of the Lega to be put into effect.
In both its serious and superficial guises the simple life remains an organizing principle for agrarian communards, an impetus for the decentralist critiques of Paul Goodman, Lewis Mumford and E.
The military school was a charter school, and the charter-school movement was an easy fit with Brown's old decentralist rhetoric.
The House Republicans' Contract With America completely consumed the first three months of the 104th Congress and dominated Washington politics for much of 1995; its decentralist message also fit well with the Tocquevillian America Barone sees emerging.
As in other federations, such as the United States, Austria, Germany and Australia, the expanded role of the central government in the twentieth century--and especially after the Second World War--acted as a strong countervailing force to decentralist trends.
The Antifederalist cause was a valiant attempt to preserve the revolutionary, decentralist, libertarian strains of the War of Independence, and Martin was, at his best, one of its most perspicacious figures.