foreign direct investment

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Foreign direct investment (FDI)

The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with operating control residing in the parent corporation.

Foreign Direct Investment

A major investment by a foreign corporation. A common example of foreign direct investment is a situation in which a foreign company comes into a country to build or buy a factory. Many economists believe that foreign direct investment is good for an economy, as it provides jobs and increases domestic capital. Critics point out that profits from foreign direct investment usually leave the country and go to the foreign company. Encouraging foreign direct investment is a major part of some IMF restructuring programs.

foreign direct investment (FDI)

investment by a MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISE in establishing production, distribution or marketing facilities abroad. Sometimes foreign direct investment takes the form of GREENFIELD INVESTMENT with new factories, warehouses or offices being constructed overseas and new staff recruited. Alternatively, foreign direct investment can take the form of TAKEOVERS and MERGERS with other companies located abroad. Foreign direct investment differs from overseas portfolio investment by financial institutions which generally involves the purchase of small shareholdings in a large number of foreign companies.

FDI is used alongside STRATEGIC ALLIANCES and EXPORTING as an integral part of a multinational enterprise's FOREIGN MARKET SERVICING STRATEGY.

In 2003/2004, the USA was the world's leading outward (overseas) investor accounting for 15.5% of world outward FDI flows, followed by Belgium 13.3%, France 12.8%, the UK 12.7% and the Netherlands 5.8%. The USA was the leading recipient of inward FDI accounting for 17.3% of inward investment in 2003/2004, followed by Belgium 14.4%, Germany 9.7%, China 7.8% and the UK 7.1%.

foreign direct investment (FDI)

investment by a MULTINATIONAL COMPANY in establishing production, distribution or marketing facilities abroad. Sometimes foreign direct investment takes the form of GREENFIELD INVESTMENT, with new factories, warehouses or offices being constructed overseas and new staff recruited. Alternatively, foreign direct investment can take the form of TAKEOVERS and MERGERS with other companies located abroad.

Foreign direct investment differs from overseas portfolio investment by financial institutions, which generally involves the purchase of small shareholdings in a large number of foreign companies. See FOREIGN INVESTMENT for further discussion. See HOST COUNTRY, SOURCE COUNTRY, INVEST UK.

References in periodicals archive ?
This helped DFI to diffuse spatially from the SEZs to the 14 OCCs across ten coastal provinces.
With culture, community, education and entertainment at its foundation, DFI serves as an all-encompassing film hub in Doha, as well as a resource for the Middle East region and the rest of the world.
DFI has had a very productive relationship with the Giffoni Film Festival since 2010 during which they have collaborated on programming for younger audiences, and brought international youth jury members to Doha for the Doha-Giffoni Experience during DFI's annual film festival, while DFI sent young people to Giffoni to sit on juries there.
From October 26 to 30, DFI will celebrate once again the thriving Qatari film culture with the second edition of DTFF.
Since 2010, DFI has supported 138 regional filmmakers with grants distributed to reflect the diversity of voices within the region.
The other films supported by DFI, which were screened at Cannes this year and are making their North American debut, include Apprentice (Singapore, Germany, France, Hong Kong, Qatar/2016), directed by Junfeng Boo; Mimosas (Spain, Morocco, France, Qatar/2016) directed by Oliver Laxe, winner of the 2016 Nespresso Grand Prize awarded by the Jury of the Cannes Critics Week and Divines (Morocco, France, Qatar/2016), the debut feature by Houda Benyamina that scooped the coveted Camera d'Or prize at Cannes this year along with a special mention from SACD for debut film in the Directors' Fortnight section.
We are proud of everything DFI and Tribeca have achieved together, and we wish DFI the very best as they move forward with their festival and year-round initiatives," he concluded.
Following the opening of Venice Film Festival 2012 by The Reluctant Fundamentalist, financed by Doha Film Institute (DFI), May in the Summer screening on January 17, is the latest project co-financed by DFI to debut at an international festival.
With regards to the Qatari applicants, DFI maintains that it seeks to strengthen and empower Qatari voices in filmmaking that have the potential to make significant contributions to the art of cinema.
I also want to thank Acting CEO and DFI board member Mansour Ibrahim Al-Mahmoud in leading DFI during its transition phase and actively supporting strategies to build creative value and sustainable impact.
Sheikha Al Mayassa Bint Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, founder and chair of DFI, said: "Doha Film Institute has established its credentials as one of the most promising film education establishments in the region, bringing fresh perspectives and opportunities for our talented creative community.
By learning to operate and problem solve on such equipment, DFI students can deliver higher productivity rates, lower product waste, and quicker turnaround times when they finally perform on the production floor," says Ed Morrison, marketing manager for Rotoflex.