Jet fuel reflected 29% of Delta's 2011 operating expenses, and the carrier estimates that the crack spread
alone represented 10% of unit costs last year versus 3% two years ago, highlighting the urgency of alternative approaches to jet fuel cost management.
In the 152 months between January 1992 and August 2004, the diesel crack spread
exceeded the gasoline crack spread
on only eight occasions--roughly one out of every 20 months.
On Monday, Asian gas oil's January crack spread
firmed to its highest level in nearly 23 months, climbing above $15.
The crack spread
, or profit for processing three barrels of oil into two of gasoline and one of heating oil, rose to a four-month high last week as fuel demand climbed.
Lower diesel shipments from China for July offered some support to the Singapore gas oil crack spread
Figure 1 shows the average month crack spread
in the U.
Petroleum Argus of May 10 said ultra-low sulphur gasoil cargoes from Asia-Pacific could potentially move to North-West Europe (NWE), where the diesel crack spread
to Dated had firmed to a 2010 high of $14.
The following are extracts from his presentation: "In other words, if the crack spread
is rising, its products, especially gasoline, are leading crude oil up, not the other way around.
Frontier's average diesel crack spread
increased to $25.
The fall in global refining capacity increased the crack spread
to approximately $11 per barrel in Europe, $26 per barrel in the US, and $19 per barrel in Asia, in February 2012.
Improvements in the 2010 crack spread
were offset by reduced production output, as HOVENSA executed capital improvements resulting in planned and unplanned outages.
A crack spread
is the difference between the cost of oil and the price refiners charge for motor fuel.