European Court of Justice

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Related to Court of Justice of the European Communities: European Court of Human Rights, preliminary ruling

European Court of Justice

The supreme court of the European Union. It was established in 1952, predating the foundation of the EU by several decades. It has jurisdiction over EU law, but not over the national laws of member states. It consists of one judge per member state, though the full court meets rarely and decisions are made generally by a panel of judges.

European Court of Justice

the EUROPEAN UNION court which is responsible for interpreting the laws passed by the EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT which are binding upon the citizens of member states of the European Union. The European Court often interecedes to overrule judgements made by the courts of member states or modify national laws.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bulgaria Prime Minister, Boyko Borisov, requested the EUR 10 M on Tuesday and approached the Court of Justice of the European Communities in Luxembourg over the issue.
This volume contains recent judgments from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as the Court of Justice of the European Communities and a number of human rights bodies.
said Wednesday it has filed a complaint with the Court of Justice of the European Communities against a decision by the European Union (EU) to impose a fine of 24.