European Court of Justice(redirected from Court of Justice of the European Communities)
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Related to Court of Justice of the European Communities: European Court of Human Rights, preliminary ruling
European Court of Justice
The supreme court of the European Union. It was established in 1952, predating the foundation of the EU by several decades. It has jurisdiction over EU law, but not over the national laws of member states. It consists of one judge per member state, though the full court meets rarely and decisions are made generally by a panel of judges.