Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


50% of the outstanding votes plus one vote.


Half plus one of ownership of a company. Control gives the person or group having it the ability to make all decisions on how the company operates. In a publicly-traded company, control comes from buying more than half of the common stock.


the process of ensuring that activities are carried out as intended. Control involves monitoring aspects of performance and taking corrective action where necessary. For instance, control of expenditure involves regular monitoring of expenditure figures, comparison of these with budget targets, and decisions to cut or increase expenditure where any discrepancy is believed to be harmful. Without control an ORGANIZATION cannot function: employees would go their own way (possibly with the best of intentions) and the organization would fragment, making COORDINATION impossible. Control can, therefore, be viewed as a central component of MANAGEMENT.

Some writers in the SOCIOLOGY OF WORK have argued that, since (in their view) employers' and employees' interests are opposed, control of labour is the main task of management. Without it, workers would behave in a way which is detrimental to managerial goals. Research has shown, however, that many managers attach more importance to other managerial functions (such as budgeting), whilst it is questionable whether employees would necessarily act in the way suggested. See ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

References in periodicals archive ?
Net LED Develops Unique System for Internet-based Control of
IR Introduces a Ballast Control Integrated Circuit for CFLs II-27
Some control systems can make minor adjustments to less active filler ingredients, within specification limits, in an attempt to maintain the overall volume of the batch, thus ensuring optimum mixing.
Standard features: Modular construction, three screw diameters, injection unit convertible to vertical parting-line position; injection unit movable horizontally for off-centered injection (Vario principle) on 77-ton model; Selogica control with graphical sequence programming and integrated robot and peripheral-device programmability.
Despite limitations, CATI, when combined with control banks, may improve outbreak investigations.
Process control networks are being exposed to previously unheard of problems, such as malicious users, outside espionage, untrained technicians, "Trojan horses," viruses, inadvertent disruptions, companywide policies, simple computer "glitches," and continuous code changes.
The most commonly used framework for evaluating financial reporting internal controls is COSO's Internal Control-Integrated Framework, which established a broad definition of internal control extending to all objectives of an organization.
However, some scholarship focuses explicitly on the ways teachers control student texts: How much control should a teacher exert over a text that is in process?
These controls are exemplified by the control environment itself including the tone at the top, corporate codes of conduct and policies and procedures.
White not-for-profit organizations aren't currently required to issue financial reporting and control certifications, many are assessing the costs, risks, and benefits of doing so.
After solving the problems of propulsion and lift, the control of an aircraft was the third and possibly greatest challenge the Wright Brothers faced in conquering the air (Figure 1).