civil law

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civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sackville AJA agreed with the reasoning of Basten JA, adding: 'a statutory prohibition on persons instituting civil proceedings may not prevent a person applying to the Court for judicial review of administrative decisions or conduct said to be beyond power'.
But KNBC's case went up to the California Supreme Court, which agreed to decide the central question of whether the public has a constitutional right to access civil proceedings.
Doctors wishing to bring a civil case against an unsuccessful patient based on abuse of civil proceedings must prove that the patient acted 'maliciously' and 'without reasonable and probable cause'.
The civil proceedings challenged in the said eight applications lasted between 6 and 13 years.
WEST Midls ands Police paid out more than pounds 1 million in civil proceedings in 2010, new figures reveal.
As this action is to promote closed-shop practices and involves unlawful picketing, the Coventry Taxi Association does not have statutory immunity from civil proceedings.
The money has already been forfeited in civil proceedings.
7 billion--and because the case is being tried in a penal court, rather than via civil proceedings.
Thakrar has now revealed he intends to launch civil proceedings against two prison workers at the maximum security Whitemoor Prison in Cambridgeshire, where he used to be held, because they had been "ignoring his needs".
It is also expected that the developments would lead the United States to resume civil proceedings filed against UBS AG in a Florida court last year.
California's new law represents the nation's first successful attempt to extend that right to such persons in civil proceedings.
A breach of injunction is dealt with by way of civil proceedings for contempt of court, which has a maximum two-year period of imprisonment.