civil law

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civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

References in periodicals archive ?
It appears that Enderby J in Ainsworth (16) came to the conclusion that civil proceedings were co-extensive with judicial review proceedings for at least three reasons.
The California Supreme Court says most civil proceedings should be open.
This clause is meant to cut costs and simplify matters, although it would not apply if the case was transformed into a regular civil proceeding.
A Temporary Restraining Order is normally sought by governmental agencies in a civil proceeding to allow companies the opportunity to defend themselves.
We understand that one of them, David Michael, is the recipient of a "Wells Notice" from the SEC indicating that the SEC is considering whether or not to recommend the filing of a civil proceeding against Mr.
OTC/BB:AETI), announced today the clarification concerning the involvement of AETI with the civil proceeding filed in Ontario Canada on May 5, 1998.
These provisions apply to all civil proceedings, including suits, appeals, revisions, reviews and executions etc.
The said measure would provide for church annulment decrees to have the same effect as annulment and dissolution rulings by the courts, making civil proceedings unnecessary for religious marriages.
Civil proceedings were launched by Austrac in the federal court on federal court.
Based on the proposal of the Ministry of Justice, Parliament has passed the law on civil proceedings, the law on criminal proceedings, the law on public administration proceedings and the law on general public administration procedures during this governmental cycle.
He guides health care attorneys through the statutes and regulations prohibiting certain conduct by health care providers and suppliers, and provides practical advice regarding investigations, criminal and/or civil proceedings, and sentencing or settlement.