Civil Rights Act of 1964


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Civil Rights Act of 1964

Legislation in the United States that prohibited racial discrimination in government, education and employment. It prohibited businesses from refusing to serve persons on the basis of race and it required judges to apply voter registration requests equally to all races. It invalidated state laws establishing racial segregation, and had the effect in some states of requiring school districts to bus students to other districts to conform to racial quotas. The Act is considered a landmark of the American civil rights movement.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

On November 27, 1963, newly sworn-in President Lyndon Johnson

called for the passage of a new civil rights bill, as a tribute to the late President John F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated only weeks earlier. The resulting bill was signed into law on July 7, 1964, with a stated purpose: “To enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education,to extend the Commission on Civil Rights,to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes.” It has come to be identified with halting discrimination in public accommodations—restaurants, hotels, and other public facilities.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2014, fifty years after the enactment of the Act, which sought to end segregation in public places and ban employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex and national origin, we must reflect and ask--has the Civil Rights Act of 1964 lived up to its promise?
DOJ has released a DVD about Title VI obligations, "Understanding and Abiding by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The EEOC enforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin; the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, which prohibits discrimination against individuals 40 years of age or older; sections of the Civil Rights Act of 1991; the Equal Pay Act; Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in the private sector and state and local governments; and the Rehabilitation Act's prohibitions against disability discrimination in the federal government.
The suit contended that her former employer violated her rights of free speech, freedom of religion, as well as her right to be free from religious discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Illinois Health Care Right of Conscience Act.
A new funding formula was developed in response to a federal court order that found the existing statutory formula to be in violation of the Older Americans Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The suit also charges the emergency amendment violates the Illinois Religious Freedom Restoration Act, the Illinois Human Rights Act, and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
We hope that their involvement will lead to a review by the Postal Service of its policies involving religious accommodation and insure that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is strictly adhered to by the Postal Service.
Constitution, the Illinois Health Care Right of Conscience Act, and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
On behalf of its members at USAir, AFA intervened in the suit, which alleged that Piedmont's weight standards for flight attendants discriminate against women in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Since the federal government has always played a leading role in legislation affecting African-Americans and other minorities - from the sordid days of slavery and the Fugitive Slave Act through the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and beyond - one might assume that the erupting national debate on race relations would automatically be part of the debate between the two contenders for the White House.
These discriminatory practices are in clear violation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Pizza Hut needs to correct the problem nationwide.
District Court for the District of Nebraska ruled that Union Pacific's decision to exclude prescription contraception coverage in its health plans for unionized employees is sex discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Federal Civil Rights Act of 1964.