was irrepressibly and inextricably racialized.
Surprisingly, Davis does not here discuss--as she has so eloquently done elsewhere how the antebellum system of African American chattel slavery
transformed after the Civil War into a political economy based on the criminalization and incarceration of the freed slaves, and how the prison plantations and prison factories of that postwar period eventually developed into today's prison-industrial complex.
In spite of slavery, in time, and through the resilience of human cultural processes, people bound within chattel slavery
took a degree of control.
Northern whites were most likely to employ recent immigrants as wet nurses, and the peculiarities created by the institution of chattel slavery
in the South meant that there were distinct and important differences between the experiences of wet nursing in the North and in the South:
From ignorance and darkness, stupidity and fears; From chains of chattel slavery
, and sullen evil years; From hopelessness, and helplessness, and brokenhearted tears; From desperate miasma of floundering under jeers; From stooping to the Sunday-folks and bending to the lash; From weeping over children lost, the desperate and the rash; From shuddering and shivering upon the auction stand; From walking in the shackled line and dying hand in hand; From bleeding in the battle lines and fighting in the fields; From slipping through the canebrake to the pittance sorrow yields; O God of earth and sky and sea, Great God of love and majesty, Thine humble servants everyone In mercy have we come.
Instead, her complaints of "the demands of pampered nuns, onerous kitchen work and being spat on and ridiculed" (54) suggest her intense complicity to orthodox Catholicism that did not condemn the transatlantic slave trade or the system of chattel slavery
That chattel slavery
contributed to the formation of the world's longest-lasting republic is both true and almost beyond modern comprehension.
My concern, however, is the effect of equating the history of chattel slavery
and genocide of Native people, which depended on white people actually believing Black and Native people were animals, to the current treatment of animals.
Not unlike the US era of chattel slavery
, there is a class of people dependent on mostly poor people and bodies of color as a source for income.
The Underground Railroad was part of a larger effort to undo an unconscionable, immoral act perpetrated against humanity, in the form of chattel slavery
These and the other six items ("The Shun-tsung Shih-lu," "Liu K'o, a Forgotten Rival of Han Yu," "A Sogdian Colony in Inner Mongolia," "Registration of Population in China in the Sui and T'ang Periods," "The An Lu-shan Rebellion and the Origins of Chronic Militarism in Late T'ang China," "The Origins and Nature of Chattel Slavery
in Ancient China") included in this volume are lasting contributions to scholarship.
30) Yet in the next breath, Leland shifted his focus from "personal slavery," a new designation he employed to refer to chattel slavery
, to religious enslavement, referring to those under bondage of church-state alliances: "Oh