Central Treaty Organization

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Central Treaty Organization

A former international organization consisting of Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey and the United Kingdom. The United States was also involved peripherally. It was modeled after NATO and was intended to resist Soviet expansion into the Middle East and South Asia. It was largely unsuccessful in this mission; for example, Iraq left the organization after it opened diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in 1958. It was also known as CENTO and the Baghdad Pact. It existed from 1955 to 1979.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the 1950s, Arab countries like Egypt, Syria, Libya, etc, were unhappy with Pakistan because it had joined the Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO) and Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO), and entered into a bilateral agreement with the US.
The 1955 Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO) was originally named Middle East Treaty Organisation (METO) and latter modelled on the current Nato formula.
In the mid 1950s, when Turkey joined the Baghdad Pact - later renamed the Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO) - its relations with Egypt, Syria and other Arab countries became strained.
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