financial leverage

(redirected from Capital Leverage)

Financial leverage

Use of debt to increase the expected return on equity. Financial leverage is measured by the ratio of debt to debt plus equity.

Financial Leverage

1. To use debt to finance an activity. For example, one usually borrows money in the form of a mortgage to buy a house. One commonly refers to this as leveraging the house. Likewise, one leverages when one uses a margin in order to purchase securities.

2. The amount of debt that has been used to finance activities. A company with much more debt than equity is generally called "highly leveraged." Too much leverage is often thought to be unhealthy, but many firms use leverage in order to expand operations.

financial leverage

The extent to which interest on debt magnifies changes in operating income into even greater proportionate changes in earnings after taxes. Financial leverage magnifies increases in earnings per share during periods of rising operating income but adds significant risks for stockholders and creditors because of added interest obligations. Compare operating leverage. See also debt management ratio, debt-to-equity ratio.
Case Study Financial leverage results from utilizing debt to finance assets. The greater the ratio of funds contributed by creditors compared to funds contributed by stockholders, the greater a firm's financial leverage. Financial leverage magnifies changes in net income compared to changes in operating income. For example, financial leverage might cause a firm's reported net income to increase by 30% when operating income increases by 20%. Without financial leverage the 20% increase in operating income would produce an equal percentage increase in net income. The magnification operates both upward and downward, which means stockholders benefit from financial leverage when times are good and operating income is increasing but their investment in the firm can be at substantial risk when times are bad and operating income is falling. In late 2001 Italian automaker Fiat announced a restructuring intended to reduce financial leverage by halving the firm's debt of nearly €7.5 billion. As part of the restructuring Fiat said it would sell €2 billion of assets, undertake a €1 billion rights offering to sell new stock, and issue $2.2 billion in bonds exchangeable for the firm's holding of General Motors Corporation common stock. The restructuring package was intended to increase equity at the same time it reduced the firm's debt, both of which would decrease financial leverage and dampen fluctuations in net income. At the time, Fiat was struggling as Europe's fifth-largest automaker.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the same time, some characteristics that we might have expected to be a differentiator-insurer risk-based capital and capital leverage ratios, for instance-did not prove to have a significant correlation with success.
The newly-merged Alloya will have a total NCUA capital leverage of 9.
For example, US systemically important banks are subject to a Tier 1 capital leverage buffer of at least 2% of total leverage exposure above the 3% minimum.
Michael Sell, vice president of the research group at GARP, said risk managers are still concerned about capital leverage ratios, which include bank strategies for residential and commercial mortgages.
With the capital injection, Saehan Bank has attained a Tier-one capital leverage ratio in excess of 10 percent as required under the Consent Order dated December 7, 2010 with Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and California Department of Financial Institutions.
So it includes traditional risk management combined with investment risk, a look at capital leverage and risk, and a consideration of the corporate big picture--pure and speculative risks.
The bank said that its regulatory capital is well above the required capital ratios with a Tier 1 capital leverage ratio of 15.
As a result of the capital injection, Saehan Bank attained a Tier 1 capital leverage ratio in excess of 10% as required under the Consent Order dated December 7, 2010 with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the California Department of Financial Institutions.
The ratings action reflects increased capital leverage, combined with operational pressures resulting from credit card loan asset quality deterioration.
Under the terms of the consent order with the DFI and FDIC, which became effective as of December 7, 2009, Saehan Bank was required to attain a Tier 1 capital leverage ratio of 8% by February 5, 2010 and 10% by March 8, 2010.
CCC's claims paying ability rating continues to favorably recognize the pool's conservative investment positioning, strong loss reserve levels, adequate statutory capital leverage, and favorable positioning in several key markets; partially offset by large asbestos losses experienced in both 1992 and 1993 tied to a single case (Fibreboard), and potentially large exposures to emerging environmental pollution claims.
Among other things, the Bank is required to attain a Tier 1 capital leverage ratio of 8% within 60 days of the consent order and to attain and thereafter maintain a Tier 1 capital leverage ratio of 10% within 90 days of the consent order.