Zero Based Budgeting

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Zero Based Budgeting

A system of budgeting where each department or division of a company must justify all expenditures and allocations rather than simply increases over the previous fiscal year. That is, the budget is made with every department starting at zero dollars to spend, and each department must demonstrate need for what it wants to receive. Zero-based budgeting is advantageous because it is more detail-oriented than other forms of budgeting; among other things, it makes it easier to detect and eliminate over-inflated budgets. On the other hand, zero-based budgeting is more difficult and time consuming to put together and often has a bias toward departments that directly produce revenue instead of departments like R&D.
References in periodicals archive ?
They must also have a basic understanding of incremental budgeting, zero-based budgeting, and responsibility-centered budgeting.
Let's look at the fictional case study of Great Wall Cellars to compare and contrast conventional budgeting, zero-based budgeting (ZBB) and activity-based budgeting (ABB).