Bracero

(redirected from Bracero Program)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Bracero

An agreement between the United States and Mexico whereby agricultural, industrial and other laborers from Mexico were permitted to enter the United States in order to work. The program came from an agreement between U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho to help with the American labor shortage resulting from the war effort. It began in 1942 and ended in 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both the Bracero Program and the Gastarbeiter Program highlight the fact that guest worker programs divide rather than unite.
Intellectuals and opinion makers within Mexico, particularly in the capital, frequently and vocally criticized the bracero program for allowing the degradation of Mexican people in the United States.
Bush to approve a guest worker program modeled on the infamous bracero program initiated during World War II.
This resource highlights immigrants from the 1920s who came to this country to escape the Mexican Revolution; Caribbean immigrants who came by raft in the 1960s; and Mexican nationals who came between 1942 and 1964 to take part in the Bracero Program, a sometimes-controversial guest-worker program.
and Mexican governments administered the bracero program from 1942-64, funneling Mexican workers into low-paying agriculture jobs in California and the Southwest and, some say, laying the foundation for the current immigration debate.
Recalling the abuses of the Bracero Program, worried about the reduced legal protections that might be afforded to those deemed "guests" rather than residents, and concerned about the competition to domestic and immigrant worker incomes that would be induced by a "permanent temporary" labor force, many advocates have publicly resisted discussions of the design of an "acceptable" program.
A second difference is that, after the Bracero Program ended in 1964, the most significant division within the farm labour force was between us domestic workers and undocumented migrant workers (so-called "wetbacks" or "illegals"), whose influx into the farms and orchards of California not only continued but expanded enormously from the 1950s up to the present day.
Organizer Jesse Diaz, a doctoral candidate at University of California, Riverside, said Chavez rejected an early immigrants-rights movement, denouncing the bracero program that would have brought immigrant workers from Mexico to work the field for lower wages and without unionization.
In the years following World War II, labor vigorously opposed the Bracero Program, which had allowed temporary labor migration from Mexico between 1942 and 1964.
Strickland, who represented the Thousand Oaks area, said he is not familiar with the details of the various bills in Congress, but said he might support a guest worker plan along the lines of the old Bracero program.
According to labor expert David Bacon, "The bracero program was the U.
The end of the bracero program in 1964 opened the floodgates of illegal immigration, which is an issue on the front pages today.