Ventru un esantion de 2865 firme londoneze in perioada 2005-2013, determinantii investitiilor au fost obtinuti folosind modele de regresie, rezultand urmatoarele grupuri de variabile explicative: 1) vanzari, book to market ratio (raportul dintre valoarea de piata si valoarea contabila), fluxul de numerar, efectul de levier si numerar activ; 2) vanzari si book to market ratio; 3) vanzari; 4) efectul de levier.
Cuvinte-cheie: investittii, cheltuieli de capital, book to market, vanzari
The independent variables are: book to market, cash flow, cash to asset, leverage and sales which are proxy for firm dimension.
Rosenberg, Reid, and Lanstein, studied book to market equity relation on average return in US stocks.
Book to market value has a significant negative effect on equity returns.
They constructed a portfolio on the basis of size and Book to Market (BM), results of Fama-MacBeth regression model reported significant positive BM and significant negative size effect on equity returns.
Based on these observations, the Fama French Three Factor Model asserts that the expected return on a portfolio in excess of the risk free rate is explained by the sensitivity of its return to three factors: (1) the excess return on a broad market portfolio, (2) the difference between the return on a portfolio of small capitalization stocks, and (3) the return on a portfolio of big capitalization stocks and the difference between the return on a portfolio of high book to market ratio stocks and the return on a portfolio of low book to market ratio stocks, thus adding two new factors: the firm size and the value effect.
Fama and French argue that high average returns on small cap stocks and high book to market ratio stocks reflect unidentified state variables that produce non diversifiable risks in returns and that are not captured by the market return and are priced separately from market beta.
68% per year to value high book to market equity ratio stocks.
2973) explain the motivation for using the book to market ratio as a proxy for a factor which affects expected returns by noting that the dividend per share is earnings per share less the change in book value per share.
In addition, we find that the fact that the definition of return contains the book to market ratio and market size (and thus the Fama and French (1993) mimicking factors) from two successive time periods offers a partial explanation for the well known serial correlation of returns (e.
Lewellen (2002) finds that momentum is so pervasive that it shows up in portfolios sorted on book to market and size; as well as in portfolios sorted on industry.