Biological Agent


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Biological Agent

A living thing such as a fungus or virus that is used in biological ammunition. A biological agent is used in biowarfare and bioterrorism. Well known examples include anthrax and bubonic plague.
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The motivations of those interested in biological agents are varied.
Another set of technologies that promise rapid, portable detection and analysis of biological agents, although still in the early stages of development, is biochip technologies such as microarrays and microfluidics.
One significant hurdle to detection systems is that biological agents present more complex molecular structures than do chemical agents, so while ion mobile spectrometry works well for chemicals, "it cannot detect or discriminate biological agents in its present form," according to the draft report.
Government agencies, including the FDA, CDC and USDA, using its products as part of various Homeland Security initiatives for the detection of Category A and B biological agents.
MAbs that recognize a critical domain in a microbial antigen are particularly vulnerable to the emergence of antigenic variation arising from selection during person-to-person spread or genetic engineering of the biological agent.
Several characteristics unique to biological agents necessitate a proactive response to the threat these agents pose.
The 4WARN Sentry represents a significant shift in the consequence- management paradigm, enabling Homeland Security agencies to detect the presence of airborne biological agents in time to initiate appropriate defensive measures," said David Dean, vice president and general manager for General Dynamics Canada's Communications, Command, Control and Integrated Sensor Systems Operations.
We are encouraged by the strong acceptance of our products to date by the European community and expect to continue to expand our customer base in Europe as the demand for flexible, rapid biological agent detection technologies increases in both the public and private sectors.
public health surveillance network by enhancing our capability to detect and report outbreaks, conduct epidemiologic investigations, perform laboratory tests to identify biological agents, and communicate necessary information and advisories rapidly through electronic technology.
Government agencies using ORIGEN-based products for the detection of Category A and Category B biological agents, including agents such as anthrax, staphylococcus enterotoxin B, and botulinum toxin, among others.
Concepts of use had been developed for each of the biological agents formally accepted into use by the army.
Most importantly," Linsenbigler explained, "the CBDS maintains the 'dry chemistry' approach that requires no expensive liquid reagents and minimal logistics, making it a very affordable system to operate where dependable chemical and biological agent detection and identification is required.

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