Bias


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Bias

1. In statistics, a circumstance leading to inaccurate results because of conscious or unconscious manipulation of data. Bias is anything that reduces the randomness of the sample being tested.

2. Anything that affects a decision other than facts. For example, a company may be disinclined to expand into an area of town because it is perceived as dangerous, whether or not it actually is. Bias is thought to reduce efficiency. See also: Behavioral economics.
References in periodicals archive ?
We have already seen disastrous consequences of bias in technology.
For example a HIGH DPI is less of an indicator of a bias if the SP% is also HIGH but a HIGH DPI with a LOW SP% would imply a notable bias.
Major corporations like Google and Facebook are providing unconscious bias training for their employees.
Given this, the researchers suggest that the negative effects of the bias may be the result of implicit bias constraining worker--manager interactions.
In traditional bias sewing, pattern pieces are laid out and cut from fabric at a 45[degrees] angle, achieving a form-fitting but softly draping effect.
As we think about helping people understand different points of view and being open to different points of view, we're dealing with political bias as well going forward," Sandberg said in a conversation with AEI President Arthur Brooks.
It has been suggested that self-awareness regarding one's biases may be as important or even more important in determining behavior than the direct effect of the bias itself," according to the NBER study.
To assess exponential-growth bias, participants are asked to calculate how much an investment of a certain amount would be worth after a specified period of time with a given interest rate.
3] coatings were applied with different conditions of concentration (wt%) of suspension solution, frequency of applied bias voltage, and the applied bias voltage using [Y.
The more you know and the more you care, the more bias you're going to see.
He also points out that for the sake of ease and simplicity, bias should not be limited by operational definitions like proportional front-page coverage.
Bias can affect treatment in a number of ways, researchers said.