At the time of negotiating your next construction contract, consider adding your own third-party beneficiary clause
that sets out all parties expectations that the ultimate beneficiary of the work being performed shall have direct rights of action against downstream subcontractor or sub-consultant parties in order to directly hold each party accountable for deficiencies in that partys work.
Insurance policies also include a beneficiary clause
, specifying the person or organisation named as beneficiaries of your policy in the event of your death or another insured event.
For example, a common provision in a grandchildren trust instrument providing separate shares or subtrusts for each grandchild involves an afterborn beneficiary clause
that proportionately reduces each subtrust or trust share in order to add additional subtrusts or trust shares for afterborn grandchildren.
Through the imposition of Indian Act regulations, Department of Indian Affairs policies, entitlement clauses in self-government agreements or beneficiary clauses
in land claims negotiations, the federal and provincial governments continue to deviously manipulate the issue of membership to their own advantage.