Central Treaty Organization

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Central Treaty Organization

A former international organization consisting of Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey and the United Kingdom. The United States was also involved peripherally. It was modeled after NATO and was intended to resist Soviet expansion into the Middle East and South Asia. It was largely unsuccessful in this mission; for example, Iraq left the organization after it opened diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in 1958. It was also known as CENTO and the Baghdad Pact. It existed from 1955 to 1979.
References in periodicals archive ?
There was no doubt, he added, that the smashing of the Baghdad Pact and the recovery of Habbaniyah (the RAF base) had removed the differences between Iraq and Britain.
King Hussein's refusal to join the Pact thus proved to be a fateful turning point for the Baghdad Pact; for even though the struggle in the Arab world over the Baghdad Pact did not cease, it was clear that no Arab state would dare join it.
Extrapolating from Chehab's archives, we also get a condensed history lesson on how the pattern of regional alliances solidified when Iraq signed a treaty with Turkey, the Baghdad Pact, which was viewed as a threat by Saudi Arabia, who feared the Iraqi Hashemite monarchy would seek revenge over the loss of Hijaz.
The Gazette report said: "Prime Minister Gamal Abdul Nasser declared yesterday that the aim of the Baghdad pact was to turn asunder Arab unity.
The Baghdad Pact failed in the face of a sweeping independence movement in the region, led by Egypt under Jamal Abdul Nasser.
The decision to stay out of the Baghdad Pact marked the beginning of the regime's "forced accommodation" with Nasser.
Shortly after the signing of the Baghdad Pact in February 1955, a high-ranking British military delegation visited Amman to probe the possibility of convincing Jordan to join the pact.
Thus the claim made about Iraq being sucked into a network of military alliances, recalling the controversial Baghdad Pact of the 1950s, is misplaced.
Chamoun was publicly accused of seeking to align Lebanon with the Western-Sponsored Baghdad Pact.
Summary: The July 23 Revolution and pacts (28), The US and the Baghdad Pact (iii).
Would Mohamed Ali Jinnah (founder of Pakistan) have been able to resist US pressure to join the Baghdad pact (which later became CENTO) and SEATO in the early-to-mid-1950s and keep Pakistan non-aligned during the Cold War?
With the signing of the Baghdad pact, Britain handed over its two air-bases in Iraq to national authorities.