There was no doubt, he added, that the smashing of the Baghdad Pact
and the recovery of Habbaniyah (the RAF base) had removed the differences between Iraq and Britain.
King Hussein's refusal to join the Pact thus proved to be a fateful turning point for the Baghdad Pact
; for even though the struggle in the Arab world over the Baghdad Pact
did not cease, it was clear that no Arab state would dare join it.
Extrapolating from Chehab's archives, we also get a condensed history lesson on how the pattern of regional alliances solidified when Iraq signed a treaty with Turkey, the Baghdad Pact
, which was viewed as a threat by Saudi Arabia, who feared the Iraqi Hashemite monarchy would seek revenge over the loss of Hijaz.
The Gazette report said: "Prime Minister Gamal Abdul Nasser declared yesterday that the aim of the Baghdad pact
was to turn asunder Arab unity.
The Baghdad Pact
failed in the face of a sweeping independence movement in the region, led by Egypt under Jamal Abdul Nasser.
The decision to stay out of the Baghdad Pact
marked the beginning of the regime's "forced accommodation" with Nasser.
Shortly after the signing of the Baghdad Pact
in February 1955, a high-ranking British military delegation visited Amman to probe the possibility of convincing Jordan to join the pact.
Thus the claim made about Iraq being sucked into a network of military alliances, recalling the controversial Baghdad Pact
of the 1950s, is misplaced.
Chamoun was publicly accused of seeking to align Lebanon with the Western-Sponsored Baghdad Pact
Summary: The July 23 Revolution and pacts (28), The US and the Baghdad Pact
Would Mohamed Ali Jinnah (founder of Pakistan) have been able to resist US pressure to join the Baghdad pact
(which later became CENTO) and SEATO in the early-to-mid-1950s and keep Pakistan non-aligned during the Cold War?
With the signing of the Baghdad pact
, Britain handed over its two air-bases in Iraq to national authorities.