Backwardation

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Related to Backwardization: Contango, Normal backwardation theory

Backwardation

A market condition in which futures prices are lower in the distant delivery months than in the nearest delivery month. This may occur when the costs of storing the product until eventual delivery are effectively subtracted from the price today. The opposite of contango.

Backwardation

In Keynesian economics, a theory stating that the future spot price for a commodity will be higher than the forward price. This is because the producers of commodities expect to sell no matter what and are willing to sell at a loss, if necessary. In normal backwardation, no rational investor will buy on the future spot market if he/she can buy more cheaply on the forward market. The extent to which normal backwardation occurs in the market is debated.

backwardation

Backwardation.

If the price of a futures contract that expires in the near term is higher than the price of a contract with the same terms that expires at a later date, the relationship between the two is called backwardation.

More typically, the contract with the longer-term expiration commands a higher price. That relationship is called contango.