Baath Party

(redirected from Ba'ath movement)
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Baath Party

A political party in the Middle East advocating secular, socialist policies intended to free Arab-majority countries from Western influence. It was established in 1940 in Syria. Its Syrian and Iraqi branches split in 1955 and became antagonistic toward each other. It became the ruling party of Syria in 1963 and was in charge of Iraq from 1968 until 2003.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, both Michel Aflaq and Antun Saadeh, respectively the founders of the socialist Ba'ath movement (that currently rules Syria) and the Syrian Social Nationalist Party (which called for the establishment of a Greater Syria in the entire Levant and Cyprus), were secular Christians who assumed that the archaic ethnic, religious, and tribal identities of the Levant would evaporate in a Syrian melting pot and a wider pan-Arab federation.
Although embryonic in the late 1950s, the Ba'ath movement proved a wise choice for Saddam as the hectoring style and love of force of both eventually brought them the prize they lusted after - power.