# average-cost method

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## Average-Cost Method

1. A method of determining the value of securities in a tax year. One calculates the average cost by taking the total cost of buying shares in a security and dividing by the number of shares one owns. The average-cost method is useful especially when the security has fluctuated significantly in price and when the investor has an automatic investment plan.

2. In inventory, a method to determine the value of one unit. It is calculated by dividing the total cost of buying the inventory by the units available for sale. See also: Inventory valuation.

## average-cost method

1. A method of determining the value of an inventory by calculating unit cost, that is, the result obtained by dividing the total cost of goods available for sale by the number of units available for sale. See also inventory valuation.
2. A method of valuing the cost basis of securities that are sold in order to determine the gain or loss for tax purposes. Average cost is calculated as total cost of shares owned divided by the number of shares owned. The average-cost method is particularly useful for shares acquired at varying prices in a reinvestment plan.
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For most entities, this decision comes down to one of three choices: the average cost method, the FIFO (first-in, first-out) method, and the LIFO (last-in, last out) method.
The average cost method is only available to sellers of mutual funds (as discussed later in this chapter).
The average cost method assigns per capita cost per employee (in other forms of fiscal impact analyses, the average costs can be assigned per resident or student).
Average Cost method is the compromise between FIFO and LIFO methods.
19, 2006 continents, the AICPA proposed that the IRS and Treasury should allow the use of the rolling average cost method in valuing inventories when this method approximates actual cost.
The taxpayer may determine the amount of the deduction by using either a specific identification method, a first in, first out (FIFO) method, or an average cost method.
The second method is called the single average cost method, whereby the average cost of all shares becomes the cost basis for any shares sold.
Our results show, in accordance with a previous study [4], that the average cost method overstates the cost of a hip fracture by 23% for acute care (when mean length of stay is used) and as much as 92% for rehabilitation.
Prior year results are shown "as adjusted" due to a change in the Company's method of accounting for inventories from the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method to the average cost method that was adopted January 1, 2010.
If mutual fund shares are held by a custodian, which normally is the case, the investor can elect to use an average cost method to compute basis.
As this occurred, the Company recognized higher priced inventory in its cost of sales under the average cost method while at the same time market pricing for many of its products was falling, resulting in an operating loss in the year-ago period.
Substantially identical securities determined on average basis: Under this proposal, taxpayers generally would be required to determine their basis in substantially identical securities using the average cost method.

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