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a Japanese term used to describe the stopping of a process if an error is detected either in the process or in the product. Based in part on team working and empowerment, the application of the Jidoka allows an employee to stop a process, so that the error can be analysed and corrected so that it does not occur again. The process will then be restarted. See QUALITY, LEAN MANUFACTURING, JUST-IN-TIME (JIT) SYSTEM.