Tacaribe serocomplex viruses (family Arenaviridae
, genus Arenavirus) comprise Bear Canyon virus, Tamiami virus, and Whitewater Arroyo virus in the United States; Tacaribe virus (TCRV) on Trinidad; Chapare virus (CHPV) and Machupo virus (MACV) in Bolivia; Guanarito virus (GTOV) in Venezuela; Junin virus (JUNV) in Argentina; Sabia virus (SABV) in Brazil; and 9 other species (1).
The Tacaribe serocomplex viruses (family Arenaviridae
, genus Arenavirus) known to occur in Venezuela are Guanarito virus (GTOV) and Pirital virus (PIRV) (1,2).
The arenaviruses (family Arenaviridae
, genus Arenavirus) known to occur in North America include Whitewater Arroyo virus (WWAV), 7 other members of the Tacaribe serocomplex (Table 1), and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV, the prototypic member of the lymphocytic choriomeningitis-Lassa serocomplex).