Baath Party

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Baath Party

A political party in the Middle East advocating secular, socialist policies intended to free Arab-majority countries from Western influence. It was established in 1940 in Syria. Its Syrian and Iraqi branches split in 1955 and became antagonistic toward each other. It became the ruling party of Syria in 1963 and was in charge of Iraq from 1968 until 2003.
References in periodicals archive ?
BEIRUT: The National Command of the Arab Socialist Baath Party discharged its regional secretary-general in Lebanon, Former Minister Fayez Shokr, and replaced him with lawyer Abdel Mouin Ghazi.
Al-Hariri along with his group is responsible for the existing bloodshed in different parts of Syria," Secretary of the Arab Socialist Baath Party in Lebanon Mohammad Shaker al-Qawas said on Sunday.
This semi-clandestine organisation of former officials under Saddam Hussain is allegedly trying to revive the banned Arab Socialist Baath Party under a new name.
The 1997 election resulted in the GPC winning 189 seats and the Al Islah 52 seats, followed by the much smaller Nasserite Unionist Party with 3 seats, the National Arab Socialist Baath Party with 2 seats and independents with 54 seats.
What should we make of the fact that the two countries where the Arab Socialist Baath Party ruled for many decades are now poster children for wrecks of modern Arab statehood that have descended into urban warfare?
Regarding the part concerning the reform process, the sources highlighted the need to amend Article 8 of the Syrian constitution which stipulates that the [ruling] Arab Socialist Baath Party in Syria "is the leading group in the society and state.
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