Inadequate Legal Protection State regulation of MCOs in the form of Any Willing Provider laws
(AWP) provides little protection for NPs.
Several studies of any willing provider laws have shown that they increase the cost of care (Hellinger 1995; Jensen and Morrisey 1999; Rogal and Stenger 2001), and there have been a number of studies of the impact of specific patient protection laws (Hellinger 1996).
There is also reason to believe that any willing provider laws were not actively enforced during the time period studied by the authors because of a court order in 1997 blocking Arkansas' broad-based any willing provider law, passed in 1995 (Crowley 2003; McLean and Richards 2003; Bleed 2004a).
Arkansas' 1995 any willing provider law was blocked because both the U.
Any willing provider laws enable a hospital or physician to join these plans if they are willing to accept the terms and reimbursement rates already in place.
Supreme Court decision on Kentucky's any willing provider law doesn't apply to Arkansas.
Several states have enacted so-called any willing provider laws
banning closed or preferred networks and enabling any pharmacy to participate in the network if it accepts required conditions and the stated reimbursement fees.
Members of the American Managed Care Pharmacy Association (AMCPA) have vowed to continue to oppose unitary pricing proposals as well as so-called any willing provider laws.
He also warned that any willing provider laws will fail because they will result in an increase in administrative expenses that will eventually be passed on to consumers.