Andean Community

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Andean Community

An international trade organization consisting of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, along with some associate and observer countries also located in Latin America. It was established in 1969; in 1992, member nations signed a free trade agreement.
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The relatively slow progress of the Andean Group further illustrates this principle.
htm [hereinafter Trujillo Protocol] (transforming Andean Group into Andean Community); Treaty of Asuncion, supra note 22.
181, 181-82 (1973) [hereinafter Avery & Cochrane] (describing first step toward creating Andean Common Market); Mace, supra note 9, at 414-15 (claiming creation of Andean Group was "direct response to LAFTA's failure"); see also infra Part II.
Additionally, the governments of the member countries disagreed on the details of how to implement goals, and even when they did agree there were other barriers to implementation: governments did not equip customs officials properly to interpret tariff schedules; many countries adopted non-tariff barriers; and countries simply would not comply with the mandates of the Andean Group.
Compare Porrata-Doria, MERCOSUR, supra note 2, at 1-19 (stating MERCOSUR created imperfect common market in ten years), with supra note 45 (stating Andean Group has existed since 1969; has yet to form a common market).
The Andean Group was formed to establish a free commerce zone with a common external tariff.
Twenty-eight accessions were assigned to the Mesoamerican group, and 63 accessions were assigned to the Andean group.
The Nei-Li distance measure gave five unclassified accessions, the four identified above and Accession 55, which no longer fit into the Andean group.
In general, the Andean group had larger seeds with narrower leaves and shorter pods than did the Mesoamerican group.
All check accessions clustered at least 95% of the time with the Andean group,* but our data do not rule out the possibility that the Chilean Andean types might be somewhat differentiated from other Andean types.
Their intermediate positions on the RAPD MDS plot between the Mesoamerican and Andean groups suggest that they might be the result of hybridization between the gene pools.