Adjusted present value

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Adjusted present value (APV)

The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity (present value of unlevered cash flows), plus the present value of any financing decisions (levered cash flows). In other words, the various tax shields provided by the deductibility of interest and the benefits of other investment tax credits are calculated separately. This analysis is often used for highly leveraged transactions such as a leveraged buyout.

Adjusted Present Value

The net present value of any project financed exclusively by equity and the present value of debt. Using the adjusted present value can carry some tax benefits.
References in periodicals archive ?
Property Investment Analysis Using Adjusted Present Values.
For valuations conducted in the framework of the Adjusted Present Value approach we show that a discount rate r* is adequate to value step-up induced depreciation benefits.
In the case that the valuation of the tax shield of asset step-ups is not conducted via the Adjusted Present Value approach, the tax advantage of debt is not accounted for in a separate term and thus has to be included in the discount rate of the cash flows to be valued.
For the valuation of the step-up induced tax benefits, two alternative approaches are meaningful: a standalone valuation, which only calculates the net present value of the tax shield by applying a discount rate which includes the tax benefit of debt with respect to the financing mix, or a valuation via an additional term in the framework of the Adjusted Present Value method (Myers (1974), where the debt tax benefit is already accounted for in the second term of the APV-Formula.
The Adjusted Present Value method has been gaining importance in the recent past, not only among theorists, but also for practitioners.